Faculty Member

Paul Arora Hon. BSc, MSc, PhD

Email Address(es)
Office Phone
Office Address
Public Health Agency of Canada 180 Queen Street West, 11th floor Toronto, Ontario
Epidemiology Division
Assistant Professor
SGS Status
Associate Member
Appointment Status
Status Only

Research Interests

  • Infectious diseases
  • Neglected Tropical Diseases
  • Soil-transmitted helminths
  • Schistosomiasis
  • Disease Eradication
  • Typhoid
  • Global child health
  • Water, sanitation and hygiene
  • Surveillance
  • Epidemiologic methods
  • Categorical Data Analysis
  • Statistical methods for longitudinal analysis
  • Knowledge translation
  • Graphical presentation of health data

Education & Training History

2008 – 2013

Doctor of Philosophy (Epidemiology)

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

Thesis: Characterizing the HIV epidemic in India and quantifying the impact of targeted interventions.

2003 – 2005

Master of Science (Epidemiology)

Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto

Thesis: HIV-1 seroprevalence among antenatal clinic attendees in India from 2000 to 2003.

1997 – 2001

Honours Bachelor of Science (Microbiology)

Department of Medical Genetics and Microbiology, University of Toronto

Honours thesis: Monitoring of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) load in immunocompromised paediatric patients for the prevention of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease (PTLD).

Other Affiliations


Division of Enteric Diseases

National Microbiology Laboratory

Infectious Diseases Prevention and Control Branch

Public Health Agency of Canada

11th flr, 180 Queen St. West. Toronto, ON. M5V 3LZ

O: (416) 952-6268; C: (647) 407-4867; F: (416) 952-2235;

Primary Teaching Responsibilities

CHL5412H – Communicable Disease Epidemiology, Co-Director

CHL5401H – Epidemiologic Methods 1, Guest Lecturer, Faculty Tutor

CHL5004H – Introduction to Public Health, Faculty Tutor

CHL5418H – Scientific Overviews in Epidemiology, Faculty Tutor

Professional Summary & Appointments

  • April 2014 – Current: Assistant Professor (Status-only), Division of Epidemiology, Dalla Lana School of Public Health. University of Toronto
  • April 2015 – June 2016: Epidemiologist & Visiting Scholar. Centre for Global Child Health, Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning. The Hospital for Sick Children
  • April 2014 – June 2015: Executive Committee, Co-chair (with Prof S. Jaglal). Canadian Society for Epidemiology and Biostatistics Toronto 2015 Biennial Conference.
  • January 2013 – March 2014: Canadian Society for Epidemiology and Biostatistics – Secretary

Honours & Awards

October 2011 Arthur Award – Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital (for graduate student research excellence)

September 2011 Queen Elizabeth II/C.P. Shah Graduate Scholarship in Science and Technology, University of Toronto

September 2011 Graduate Scholarship, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute, St. Michael’s Hospital

August 2011 Trainee Travel Award, St. Michael’s Hospital Research Training Centre

September 2009 Canada Graduate Scholarship, Michael Smith Foreign Study Supplements (CGS-MSFSS) Program

August 2008 Research Travel Award, International Development Research Centre

September 2008 Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarship (CGS), Doctoral Award, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)

September 2008 Doctoral Award, Ontario Graduate Scholarship

March 2006 Randall Coates Infectious Disease Epidemiology Award, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto

September 2004 Canada Graduate Scholarship Master’s Award, Canadian Institutes of Health Research

May 2001 Summer Studentship, Department of Laboratory Medicine & Pathobiology, University of Toronto

May 2000 Samuel Lunenfeld Summer Studentship, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Canada

Current Research Projects

“Health and education benefits of interventions to control soil-transmitted helminths: Revisiting the evidence using individual participant data and network meta-analysis.” – Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick Children. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Epidemiologist and Visiting Scholar, PI: Prof. Zulfiqar A. Bhutta (2015-2017)

“Tackling Typhoid (T2)” – Centre for Global Child Health, The Hospital for Sick Children. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Epidemiologist and Visiting Scholar, PI: Prof. Zulfiqar A. Bhutta (2015-2016)

“Implementation of genome-based analyses to ‘One Health’ surveillance of enteric disease.” – PHAC Genomics Research Development Initiative Round 6. Co-Investigator; PI: Prof. Eduardo Taboada (PHAC, IDPC, LFZ).

“Microbial genomics in environmental health risk assessment – a Pilot”Public Health Agency of Canada. Co-Investigators: P. Arora & E. Taboada.

Representative Publications

Nagelkerke NJD, Arora, P., Jha P, Williams B, McKinnon L, et al. (2014) The Rise and Fall of HIV in High-Prevalence Countries: A Challenge for Mathematical Modeling. PLoS Comput Biol 10(3): e1003459. doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003459.

Bassani, D.G., Arora. P., Wazny, K., Gaffey, M.F., Lenters, L., Bhutta, Z.A. Financial incentives and coverage of child health interventions: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health 2013, 13(Suppl 3):S30

Arora, P., Nagelkerke, N., Moineddin, R., Bhattacharya, M., Jha, P. Female sex work interventions and changes in HIV and syphilis infection risks from 2003 to 2008 in India. BMJ Open 2013;3:e002724 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002724.

Arora, P. Vasa, P., Brenner, D., Iglar, K., McFarlane, P.A., Badawi, A. Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in Canada: Results of a nationally representative survey. CMAJ June 11, 2013 vol. 185 no. 9.

Brown, K., Daneman, N., Arora, P., Moineddin, R., Fisman, D. The Co-Seasonality of Pneumonia and Influenza with Clostridium difficile Infection (CDI) in the United States, 1993 to 2008. Am.J.Epidemiol. (2013) 178(1):118-125.

Arora, P., Nagelkerke, N., Jha, P. A systematic review and meta-analysis of risk factors for sexual transmission of HIV in India. 2012. PLoS ONE. 7(8): e44094. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0044094.

*Arora, P., *Brenner, D.R., Garcia-Bailo, B. El-Sohemy, A. Karmali, M. and Badawi, A. (2011) The relationship between inflammation, metabolic syndrome components and markers of cardiometabolic disease among Canadian adults. J. Diabetes Metab. S2:003. doi:10.4172/2155-6156.S2-003. * authors contributed equally

Arora, P., Nagelkerke, P., Sgaier, S.K., Kumar, R., Dhingra, N., Jha, P. HIV, HSV-2 and syphilis among married couples in India: Patterns of discordance and concordance. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2011 Oct; 87(6): 516-20. (Epub 2011 Aug 24 2011)

Gaffey MF., Venkatesh S., Dhingra N., Khera A., Kumar R., Arora, P., Nagelkerke, NJ., Jha, P. Male Use of Female Sex Work in India: A Nationally Representative Behavioural Survey. PLoS ONE. 2011 6(7): e22704. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022704.

Kumar, R., Jha, P., Arora, P., Mony, P., Bhatia, P., Millson, P., Dhingra, N., Bhatacharya, M., Remis R.S., Nagelkerke, N. Evidence of declining HIV-1 prevalence from 2000 to 2004 in young adults in South India. The Lancet 2006; 367:1164-1172. Funding: CIHR Canada Graduate Scholarship Masters Award 2004-5.