Faculty Member

Paula K.A. Braitstein BA, MA, MSc, PhD

Email Address(es)
paula.braitstein@utoronto.ca, pbraitstein@gmail.com
Office Phone
+254 728 825 620
Office Address
Mailing: 155 College Street, 5th floor, Toronto, Ontario M5T 3M7 Canada
Website(s)
Orphaned and Separated Children's Assessments Related to their (OSCAR's) Health and Well-Being Study
Division(s)/Office
Epidemiology Division
Office of Global Public Health Education & Training
Position
Associate Professor
SGS Status
Full Member
Appointment Status
Contract

Research Interests

Fall 2017 Planetary Health Course now enrolling!! Join us for this exciting and eye-opening six week second pilot course! 

Dr. Paula Braitstein is an accomplished epidemiologist and passionate environmentalist, living and working in north-western Kenya. Originally from Montreal, Paula’s roots are in the community-based HIV/AIDS movement in Canada as an HIV treatment educator and activist. She received her MA in Liberal Studies from Simon Fraser University (Vancouver), and her MSc and PhD in epidemiology from the University of British Columbia (Vancouver). In Kenya since 2007, Paula’s major research, education and service priorities have been oriented around major health and social issues in East Africa including HIV prevention and treatment, high HIV risk children youth such as those who have been orphaned (from HIV and other causes), separated, abandoned, and street-connected children and youth. Witness to the massive social, economic and environmental challenges and changes taking place in Kenya, Paula has begun leveraging her successes in population health to direct her research and attention to what is likely to become the single biggest threat to the health and well-being of future human generations: planetary health.

Paula is the holder of a prestigious research Chair of Applied Public Health from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and is Associate Professor in the Dalla Lana School of Public Health. Paula has published widely in the peer-reviewed literature on diverse topics. Her research foci today are concentrated on the HIV prevention-treatment continuum, specifically HIV implementation research in sub-Saharan Africa, and vulnerable and marginalized children and adolescents, including orphans, street-involved children and youth. She is the Principal Investigator of a ten year observational cohort study funded by the National Institutes of Health funded examining the effect of care environment and care characteristics on orphaned children, called the “Orphaned and Separated Children’s Assessments Related to their (OSCAR’s) Health and Well-Being Study”. She recently co-chaired the CIHR-funded ‘Kuwa Tayari (Be Prepared) Symposium: Finding Pathways to Nutrition and Food Security in Response to Climate Change in East Africa.’

Affiliations:
Dr. Braitstein is Associate Professor in the Dalla Lana School of Public Health at the University of Toronto (Canada), Visiting Professor at Moi University School of Medicine (Kenya), Adjunct Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, and Adjunct Professor in the Fairbanks School of Public Health at Indiana University (USA). In addition to doing her own research, she is Co-Field Director of Research for the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Consortium.

Education & Training History

Undergraduate:

1988 John Abbott College, Ste. Anne de Bellevue, Canada: DEC (Social Sciences)

1991 McGill University, Montreal, Canada: BA (Anthropology)

Graduate:

1998 Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada: MA (Graduate Liberal Studies)

2001 University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada: MSc (Health Care and Epidemiology)

2005 University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada : PhD (Health Care and Epidemiology)

2000-05 Research Associate, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, Canada

Post-Doctoral:

2006 University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland (Canadian Institutes of Health Research): The Antiretroviral Therapy in Lower Income Countries (ART-LINC) Collaboration

Affiliations

Current Affiliations:

  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Chair of Applied Public Health, Canada
  • Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Toronto, Canada
  • Visiting Professor, Moi University, College of Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Eldoret, Kenya
  • Adjunct Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Adjunct Associate Professor, Indiana University, Fairbanks School of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology, Indianapolis, USA
  • Affiliate Investigator, Regenstrief Institute Inc., Indianapolis, USA
  • Co-Field Director of Research, Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) Consortium, Kenya
  • Full member, School of Graduate Studies, University of Toronto
  • Full member, Institute of Medical Sciences, University of Toronto

Other Affiliations (Selected)

Academic

  • 2007-2012 Assistant Research Professor, Indiana University School of Medicine, USA
  • 2007-current Affiliate Investigator, Regenstrief Institute for Health Care, USA
  • 2007-current Visiting Professor, Moi University School of Medicine, Kenya
  • 2010-2012 Assistant Professor (Status Only), University of Toronto, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Toronto, Canada
  • 2012- 2014 Associate Research Professor, Indiana University School of Medicine, USA
  • 2012- 2014 Associate Professor (Status Only), University of Toronto, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Toronto, Canada
  • 2014 – current – Associate Professor, University of Toronto, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, Toronto, Canada

Scientific

  • 2007- 2012 Co-Chair, Pharmacovigilance Working Group, IeDEA
  • 2008-current Member, Expert Advisory Group, Pharmacovigilance for Antiretroviral Drugs Project, World Health Organization
  • 2011 Scientific Reviewer, Special Emphasis Panel “Orphans and HIV”, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health.
  • 2011 Scientific Reviewer, “Secondary Analysis of Databases. Institute of Human Development, Child and Youth Health, Canadian Institutes of Health Research.
  • 2011 Invited Expert Reviewer, Government of Kenya, National AIDS and STI Control Program (NASCOP), National HIV Monitoring and Evaluation Guidelines and Standard Operating Procedures
  • 2011 Invited Expert Reviewer, “Planning, Implementing, and Monitoring Home-Based HIV Counseling and Testing: A Practical Handbook”. World Health Organization.
  • 2011-2013 Member, World Health Organization HIV/AIDS Service Delivery Guidelines Development Group
  • 2012-current Academic Editor, PLoS ONE. 5-year impact factor: 4.610.
  • 2013 Scientific Reviewer, Special Emphasis Panel “Partnerships for Enhanced Engagement in Health (PEER)”, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), National Institutes of Health.
  • 2013 Scientific Reviewer, Collaborative Initiative for Paediatric HIV Education and Research (CIPHER), International AIDS Society
  • 2013-current Academic Editor, BMC Health and Human Rights. Impact factor: 1.44
  • 2015 Scientific Reviewer, Special Emphasis Panel, Behavioral Sciences ‘Conflict Panel’, National Institutes of Health
  • 2015  Invited Expert Reviewer, World Health Organization, Updated Guidelines on HIV Testing and Counseling
  • 2015 Scientific Reviewer, Global Health: Science and Practice
  • 2017-2019    Member, National Institutes of Health Fogarty Foundation, Adolescent HIV Prevention and Treatment Implementation Science AllianceCommunity Involvement & Representation
  • 1997-04 Chair, Community Advisory Committee, Canadian HIV Trials Network
  • 1998-04 Co-Founder and Senior Editor, ‘Living Positive’, Bimonthly Magazine, BC Persons with AIDS Society
  • 1999-01 Member, Provincial Advisory Committee on HIV/AIDS, BC Ministry of Health, Government of BC
  • 2000-03 Council Member, Canadian Association for HIV Research
  • 2001-03 Member, Expert Advisory Committee, Natural Health Products Directorate, Health Canada, Government of Canada
  • 2002-04 Honorary Board Member, Canadian Treatment Action Council
  • 2003-04 Member, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), HIV/AIDS Advisory Committee
  • 2009-2015 Founding Board Member (Secretary), Tumaini Street Children’s Drop-in and Innovation Centre, Eldoret, Kenya
  • 2010 Reviewer, UNAIDS 2010 Red Ribbon Award (Celebrating Community Leadership and Action on AIDS)
  • 2010- current Secretary, Pombo-Sabor (Kaptagat) Forest Users Conservation Group, Kaptagat, Kenya

Primary Teaching Responsibilities

  • ENROLLING NOW!! LIMITED SPACE AVAILABKE
  • Lead Instructor, pilot course on Planetary Health (offered Fall 2017).Course Goal: This 6-week, quarter credit pilot course will provide students with a big picture perspective of planetary health, research, policy and practice issues related to them, and the implications and opportunities related to planetary health for public and population health globally. A key theme throughout the course IS consideration of health and social inequities and inequalities and the differential impacts of climate and other environmental changes on populations in light of these issues.

– Mentoring MPH students, PhD and post-doctoral fellows and other students in their field practicums and research in Kenya.

– Teaching short courses in Kenya on epidemiologic methods, grant and manuscript writing, and literature searching and synthesis.

Professional Summary & Appointments

Areas of Expertise:

  • Observational Epidemiology
  • Global Health
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Population Health
  • High risk children and youth
  • Homelessness
  • Access to Care
  • Social Vulnerability
  • Resilient Adaptation
  • Social Determinants of Health
  • Planetary Health

Honours & Awards

2002 Murray Stratton Memorial Scholarship for Academic Achievement, Canada

2003 New Investigator’s Award (Clinical Sciences), Canadian Association of HIV Research, Canada

2003-05 Tuition Bursary, University of British Columbia, Canada

2006 AccolAID “Hero of the AIDS Movement” Award for Service Delivery, BC Persons with AIDS Society, Canada

2015 Winner (of 65 proposals), Public Anthropology Book Series, University of California Press. “Street Smart: Stories of Struggle, Survival and Resilience Among Street Children in Kenya”. (book in progress)

2017  Nominee, Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Institute of Population and Public Health “Trailblazer Award”. University of Toronto. (decision pending)

Current Research Projects

AS PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR

Current

(Braitstein)  10/1/14-09/30/19   Funding Source: Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Institute of Population and Public Health. Title: Research Chair of Applied Public Health: Evaluating a population-level program to control the HIV epidemic in a high-burden resource-constrained region. Role: Principle Investigator. Description: This 5 year career award supports the salary of the PI and research funds to evaluate a comprehensive program to find, link, treat and retain all HIV-infected individuals within catchments of the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH). Funding for current year: $185,000

R01 HD060478-08 (Braitstein)                       9/15/09-7/31/21        Funding Source: NIH-NICHD   Title: “Orphaned & Separated Children’s Assessment Related to their Health & Well-Being”. Role: Principal Investigator.  Description: This project is evaluating the care environments of orphaned and separated children and their impact on the children’s health and well-being. Funding for current year: $447,707 USD plus indirects

FRN 145367 (Braitstein) 01/04/2016 – 30/09/2017 Funding Source: Canadian Institutes of Health Research – Institute of Infection and Immunity. Title: Identifying, adapting and piloting interventions to engage street-connected children and youth in the HIV prevention continuum in Kenya. Role: Principal Investigator. Description: This is an Implementation Science grant (Component 1) designed to identify, adapt and pilot a number of interventions aimed at engaging street youth in HIV prevention in Eldoret, Kenya. Funding for current year: $150,000

No number. (Braitstein)     01/01 2015-12/31/17 Funding Source: American Association of Pediatrics Global Health Grants (ICATCH) . Title: “Peer Navigators to Link street-connected children and youth to HIV testing and care in Eldoret”. Role : Principal Investigator. Funding for current year: $3000 USD.

Number pending (Braitstein) 2017/10-2018/9 Funding source: National Institutes of Health, NIAID, Supplement to East Africa IeDEA Grant. Title: Getting engaged: Rates, predictors and outcomes of HIV-positive children and adolescents identified or diagnosed through home-based HIV testing failing to link to HIV care in rural western Kenya. Total Funding: $287,000 USD.

Pending

2018/1-2022/12  Principal Applicant: Braitstein. Title: Adapting and scaling-up “Peer Navigators” to targeted populations of street-involved youth in Canada and Kenya to increase linkage to HIV prevention, testing, and treatment. Application to Canadian Institutes of Health Research HIV Implementation Research Component II. Total Funding Requested: $2,000,000 CAD

2018/1-2023/12  Principal Applicant: Braitstein. Title: Feasibility and cost-effectiveness of a climate-smart agricultural strategy to improve the health of women and children in rural western Kenya. Application to Canadian Institutes of Health Research Project Grant. Total Funding: $3,500,000 CAD

AS CO-INVESTIGATOR

3/1/04-7/31/16   Funding Source: NIH-NIAID. U01 A1069911. Title: East Africa Regional International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Consortium. Role: Co-Investigator.  Description: Consortium to link database across the East African Region in order to address questions related to HIV care. Funding for current year: $1,517,647


REPRESENTATIVE PUBLICATIONS

  1. Wood E, Braitstein P, et al. “Extent to which low-level use of antiretroviral treatment could curb the AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa”. Lancet 355(9221): 2095-2100. 2000, June.
  2. Braitstein P, Kendall T, Chan K, Wood E, Montaner JSG, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Mary-Jane and Her Patients: Sociodemographic and Clinical Characteristics of Individuals Using Medical Marijuana and Anti-HIV Medications”. AIDS 15(4):532-33. 2001, Jan.
  3. Kendall T, Morris C, Braitstein P. “Constrained Choices and Communication: HIV Positive Women Accessing Complementary and Alternative Medicine in British Columbia”. Canadian Woman Studies. 21(2): 96 – 102. York University. 2001.
  4. Braitstein P, Chan K, Beardsell A, McLeod A, Montaner JSG, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Another reality check: the direct costs of providing post-exposure prophylaxis in a population-based programme”. AIDS.15(17):2345-2347. 2001, Nov.
  5. Braitstein P, Chan K, Beardsell A, McLeod A, Montaner JSG, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Safety and tolerability of combination antiretroviral post-exposure prophylaxis in a population-based setting”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 29(5):547-8. 2002, Apr.
  6. Braitstein P, Chan K, Beardsell A, McLeod A, Montaner JSG, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Prescribing practices in a population-based HIV postexposure prophylaxis program”. AIDS. 16(7):1067-1070. 2002, May.
  7. O’Connell JM, Braitstein P, Hogg RS, Yip B, Craib KJ, O’Shaughnessy MV, Montaner JSG, Burdge DR. “Age, adherence and injection drug use predict virological suppression among men and women enrolled in a population-based antiretroviral drug treatment programme”. Antiviral Therapy 8:569-576. 2003.
  8. Braitstein P, Li K, Tyndall MT, Spittal P, Hogg RS, Schechter MT. “Sexual Violence Among a Cohort of Injection Drug Users”. Social Science and Medicine 57: 561-569. 2003
  9. Braitstein P, Yip B, Heath KV, Montaner JSG, Levy A, Humphries K, Kiely FM, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Interventional Cardiovascular Procedures Among HIV-Infected Individuals on Antiretroviral in the Province of British Columbia 1995 – 2000”. AIDS 17:2071-2075. 2003.
  10. Wood E, Montaner JSG, Braitstein P, Yip B, Schechter MT, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Elevated rates of antiretroviral treatment discontinuation among HIV-infected injection drug users: implications for drug policy and public health”. International Journal of Drug Policy 15: 133-138. 2004.
  11. Miller CL, Wood E, Spittal PM, Li K, Frankish JC, Braitstein P, Montaner JS, Schechter MT. “The Future Face of Coinfection: Prevalence and Incidence of HIV and Hepatitis C Virus Coinfection Among Young Injection Drug Users”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 1;36(2):743-749. 2004.
  12. Braitstein P. “HIV/AIDS and Orthotopic Liver Transplantation: A Review of the Literature”. British Columbia Medical Journal 46(1): 14-20. 2004.
  13. Braitstein P, Palepu A, Dieterich D, Benhamou Y, Montaner JSG. “Special Considerations in the Initiation and Management of Antiretroviral Therapy Among HIV and Hepatitis C Co-infected Individuals”. AIDS 18:2221-2234. 2004.
  14. Rusch M, Nixon S, Schilder A, Braitstein P, Chan K, Hogg RS. “Use of Antiretroviral Therapy among HIV positive individuals living in British Columbia”. AIDS Care 16(7):914-22. 2004.
  15. Rusch M, Nixon S, Schilder A, Braitstein P, Chan K, Hogg RS. “Impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions: prevalence and associations among persons living with HIV/AIDS in British Columbia”. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2(1):46. 2004.
  16. Rusch M, Nixon S, Schilder A, Braitstein P, Montaner JS, Hogg RS. „Prevalence of activity limitation among persons living with HIV/AIDS in British Columbia”. Can J Public Health. 95(6):437-40. 2004.
  17. Braitstein P, Yip B, Montessori V, Moore D, Montaner JSG, Hogg RS. “Effect of serostatus for hepatitis C virus on mortality among antiretroviral naive HIV-positive patients“. Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ) 173(2):160-4. 2005.
  18. Braitstein P, Montessori V, Chan K, Montaner JSG, Schechter MT, O’Shaughnessy MV, Hogg RS. “Quality of life, depression and fatigue among persons co-infected with HIV and Hepatitis C: Outcomes from a population-based cohort”. AIDS Care 17(4):505-15. 2005.
  19. Norman, L. Chan K, Braitstein P, Anema A, Bondy G, Montaner RS. “Food insecurity and hunger are prevalent among HIV-positive individuals in British Columbia, Canada”. Journal of Nutrition. 135(4):820-5. 2005
  20. Dabis F, Balestre E, Braitstein P, Miotti P, Brinkhof MWG, Schneider M, Schechter M, Laurent C, Boulle A, Kabugo C, Capkun G, Seyler C, McIntyre J, Sprinz E, Bansgberg D, Van der Borght S, Egger M. “Antiretroviral Therapy in Lower Income Countries (ART-LINC): International collaboration of treatment cohorts”. International Journal of Epidemiology Oct;34(5):979-86. 2005.
  21. Moore D, Hogg RS, Yip B Wood E, Tyndall M, Braitstein P, Montaner JSG. “Discordant immunologic and virologic responses to HAART are associated with increased mortality and poor adherence to therapy”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Nov 1;40(3):288-93. 2005.
  22. Braitstein P, Zala C, Yip B, Brinkhof MWG, Moore D, Hogg RS, Montaner JS. “Immunologic Response to Antiretroviral Therapy in Hepatitis C Co-Infected Adults in a Population-Based HIV/AIDS Treatment Program”. Journal of Infectious Diseases 193:259-68. 2006.
  23. Moore, DM, Hogg, RS, Braitstein P, Wood E, Yip B, Montaner JSG. “Risks of non-accidental mortality by baseline CD4+ T-cell strata in hepatitis C positive and negative individuals initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy”. Antiviral Therapy 11(1):125-9. 2006.
  24. Braitstein P, Justice A, Bangsberg D, Yip B, Alfonso V, Schechter MT, Hogg RS, Montaner JS. “Hepatitis C Co-Infection with HIV is Independently Associated with Decreased Adherence to Antiretroviral Therapy in a Population-based HIV Cohort”. AIDS 20(3):323-31. 2006.
  25. Braitstein P, Brinkhof MWG, Dabis F, et al. “One-year mortality of HIV-1-infected patients starting potent antiretroviral therapy in low and high income countries: Comparative analysis of collaborative databases”. The Lancet 367: 817-24. 2006.
  26. Braitstein P, Asselin JJ, Schilder A, Miller ML, Laliberte N, Martindale S, Schechter MT, Hogg RS. “Sexual Violence Among Two Populations of Men at High-Risk of HIV Infection”. AIDS Care 18(7): 681-9. Oct 2006.
  27. Braitstein P, Li K, Spittal P, Montaner JSG, Hogg RS, Schechter MT, Wood E. “Differences in Access to Care Among Injection Drug Users Infected Either With HIV and Hepatitis C, or Hepatitis C Alone”. AIDS Care 18(7): 690-3. Oct 2006.
  28. Tuboi SH, Brinkhof MWG, Egger M, Stone RA, Braitstein P, Nash D, Sprinz E, Dabis F, Harrison LH, Schechter M. “Discordant Responses to Potent Antiretroviral Treatment in Previously Naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults Initiating Treatment in Resource-Constrained Countries”. JAIDS 45(1):52-9. May 2007.
  29. Brinkhof MWG. Egger M, Boulle A, May M, Hosseinipour M, Braitstein P, Dabis F, Reiss P, Bangsberg D, Rickenbach M, Meda JMM, Mocroft A, Keiser O, Van der Borght S, Schechter M. “Tuberculosis following initiation of antiretroviral treatment in low-income and high-income countries”. Clinical Infectious Diseases 1;45(11):1518-21. Epub 2007 Oct 22. Dec 2007.
  30. Braitstein P, Boulle A, Egger M, Brinkhof MWG, Dabis F, Laurent C, Schechter M, Tuboi S, Sprinz E, Miotti P, Hosseinipour M, Nash D, May M, Bangsberg DR, Low N. “Gender and the use of potent antiretroviral treatment in resource-constrained settings: Findings from a multi-centre collaboration.” . Journal of Women’s Health 17(1):47-5531. Jan 2008.
  31. Keiser O, Anastos K, Schechter M, Balestre E, Myer L, Boulle A, Bangsberg D, Touré H, Braitstein P, Sprinz E, Nash D, Hosseinipour M, Dabis F, May M, Brinkhof MWG, Egger M. “Antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings 1996 to 2006: Patient characteristics, treatment regimens and monitoring in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia and Latin America”. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2008 Jul;13(7):870-9. Epub Mar 27, 2008.
  32. Yiannoutsos CT, An M-W, Frangakis CE, Musick BS, Braitstein P, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Ochieng D, Martin JN, Bacon MC, Ochieng V and Kimaiyo S. 2008 Sampling-Based Approaches to Improve Estimation of Mortality among Patient Dropouts: Experience from a Large PEPFAR-Funded Program in Western Kenya. PLoS ONE. 2008;3(12):e3843. Epub Dec 2, 2008.
  33. Mamlin J, Kimaiyo S, Lewis S, Tadayo H, Komen Jerop F, Gichunge C, Petersen T, Yih Y, Braitstein P, Einterz R. “Integrating nutrition support for food insecure patients and their dependents into an HIV care and treatment program in Western Kenya”. American Journal of Public Health 2009 Feb;99(2):215-21. Epub 2008 Dec 4.
  34. Braitstein P, Nyandiko W, Vreeman R, Wools-Kaloustian K, Sidle JE, Sang E, Musick B, Ayaya S, Yiannoutsos C, Carter EJ. “The Clinical Burden of Tuberculosis Among HIV-infected Children in a Large Observational Cohort in Western Kenya”. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2009 Jul;28(7):626-632.
  35. Vreeman RC, Nyandiko WM, Sang E, Musick BS, Braitstein P, Wiehe SE. “Impact of the Kenya post-election crisis on clinic attendance and medication adherence for HIV-infected children in western Kenya”. Conflict and Health 4:3-5. Apr 2009.
  36. Antiretroviral Therapy Cohort Collaboration (ART-CC), Mocroft A, Sterne JA, Egger M, May M, Grabar S, Furrer H, Sabin C, Fatkenheuer G, Justice A, Reiss P, d’Arminio Monforte A, Gill J, Hogg R, Bonnet F, Kitahata M, Staszewski S, Casabona J, Harris R, Saag M. “Variable impact on mortality of AIDS-defining events diagnosed during combination antiretroviral therapy: not all AIDS-defining conditions are created equal.Clin Infect Dis. 2009 Apr 15;48(8):1138-51.
  37. Nevirapine Toxicity Multicohort Collaboration. Kesselring AM, Wit FW, Sabin CA, Lundgren JD, Gill MJ, Gatell JM, Rauch A, Montaner JS, de Wolf F, Reiss P, Mocroft A. “Risk factors for treatment-limiting toxicities in patients starting nevirapine-containing antiretroviral therapy”. AIDS. 2009 Aug 24;23(13):1689-99.
  38. Keiser O, Tweya H, Boulle A, Braitstein P, Schechter M, Brinkhof MWG, Dabis F, Tuboi S, Sprinz E, Pujades-Rodriguez M, Calmy A, Kumarasamy N, Nash D, Jahn A, MacPhail A, Lüthy R, Wood R, Egger M for the ART-LINC of IeDEA Study Group. “Switching to second-line antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings: comparison of programmes with and without viral load monitoring.AIDS. 2009 Sep 10; 23(14):1867-74.
  39. Braitstein P, Einterz R, Sidle JE, Kimaiyo S, Tierney W. “Talkin’ About a Revolution: How Electronic Health Records Can Enable the Scale-up of HIV Care and Treatment and Catalyze Primary Care in Resource-Constrained Settings”. JAIDS 2009 Nov; 52 Suppl 1:S54-7.
  40. Wachira J, Otieno N, Ballidawa J, Braitstein P. “Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices of infant feeding in the context of HIV: a case study from western Kenya”. SAHARA Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS. 2009 Nov; 6(3).
  41. Tuboi SH, Guilherme A, Pacheco F, Harrison LH, Stone RA, May M, Brinkhof M, Dabis F, Egger M, Nash D, Bangsberg D, Braitstein P, Yiannoutsos CT, Wood R, Sprinz E, and Schechter M for the Antiretroviral Therapy in Low Income Countries (ART-LINC) Collaboration of the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA). “Mortality Associated with Discordant Responses to Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource-Constrained Settings”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Jan 1;53(1):70-7.
  42. Braitstein P, Ayuo P, Mwangi A, Siika A, Wools-Kaloustian K, Musick B, Kimaiyo S. “Sustainability of first-line antiretroviral regimens among HIV-infected adults in Western Kenya”. JAIDS 2010 Feb 1;53(2):254-9.
  43. Keiser O, Tweya H, Braitstein P, Dabis F, MacPhail P, Boulle A, Nash D, Wood R, Lüthy R, Brinkhof MWG, Schechter M, Egger M. “Mortality after failure of antiretroviral therapy in Sub-Saharan Africa”. Tropical Medicine and International Health. 2010 Feb;15(2):251-8. Epub 2009 Dec 9.
  44. Ochieng VO, Ochieng D, Sidle J, Holdsworth M, Siika A, Owiti M, Kimaiyo S, Wools-Kaloustian K, Yiannoutsos C, Braitstein P. “Gender and losses to follow-up from a large HIV treatment program in Western Kenya”. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2010 Sep 1;88(9):681-8. Epub 2010 Apr 16.
  45. Tierney WM, Achieng M, Baker E, Bell A, Biondich P, Braitstein P, Kayiwa D, Kimaiyo S, Mamlin B, McKown B, Musinguzi N, Nyandiko W, Rotich J, Sidle J, Siika A, Were M, Wolfe B, Wools-Kaloustian K, Yeung A, Yiannoutsos C, and the Tanzania-Uganda OpenMRS Consortium. Experience implementing electronic health records in three East African countries. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160(Pt 1):371-5.
  46. Braitstein P, Katshcke A, Shen C, Sang E, Nyandiko W, Ayaya S, Ochieng VO, Ochieng D, Vreeman R, Gisore P, Yiannoutsos C, Wools-Kaloustian KK. “Retention of HIV-infected and exposed children in a comprehensive HIV clinical care program in Western Kenya”. Trop Med Int Health. 2010 Jul;15(7):833-41. Epub 2010 May 14.
  47. Were M, Kariuku J, Chepng’no V, Wandabwa M, Ndege S, Braitstein P, Wachira J, Kimaiyo S. “Leapfrogging Paper-Based Records Using Handheld Technology: Experience from Western Kenya’. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2010;160(Pt 1):525-9.
  48. Geng EH, Nash D, Kambugu A, Zhang Y, Braitstein P, Christopoulos KA, Muyindike W, Bwana MB, Yiannoutsos CT, Petersen ML, Martin JN. “Retention in care among HIV-infected patients in resource-limited settings: emerging insights and new directions”. Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2010 Nov;7(4):234-44.
  49. Vreeman RC, Nyandiko WM, Braitstein P, Were MC, Ayaya SO, Ndege SK, Wiehe SE. “Acceptance of HIV testing for children ages 18 months to 13 years identified through voluntary, home-based HIV counseling and testing in western Kenya”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2010 Oct 1;55(2):e3-10.
  50. Cornut G, Gagnon S, Hankins C, Money D, Pourreaux K, Franco EL, Coutlée F; Canadian Women’s HIV Study Group.Polymorphism of the capsid L1 gene of human papillomavirus types 31, 33, and 35”. J Med Virol. 2010 Jul;82(7):1168-78.
  51. Kimaiyo S, Were M, Shen C, Ndege S, Braitstein P, Sidle JE, Mamlin JJ. “Know Your Epidemic: Scaling-Up Home-based HIV Counseling and Testing in Western Kenya”. East Africa Medical Journal. 2010 Mar. 87(3): 100-108.
  52. Kosgei R, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Braitstein P, Sidle JE, Sang E, Gitau J, Sitienei J, Owino R, Mamlin JJ, Kimaiyo SN, Siika AM. “Express Care: A clinician – nurse model for the management of high volume HIV clinics in western Kenya”. EAMJ 2010 July 87(7): 299-3-3.
  53. Braitstein P, Songok J, Vreeman R, Nyandiko WM, Ayaya S, Wools-Kaloustian K, Yiannoutsos C. “Outcomes of HIV-positive and HIV-exposed children lost to follow-up from a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya”. JAIDS epub ahead of print March 7, 2011.
  54. Fenner L, Forster M, Boulle A, Phiri S, Braitstein P, et al. for ART-LINC of IeDEA. “Tuberculosis in HIV Programmes in Lower-Income Countries: Practices and Risk Factors”. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2011 May;15(5):620-7.
  55. Egger M, Ekouevi D, Williams C, Lyamuya RE, Mukumbi H, Braitstein P, Hartwell T, Graber C, Chi BH, Boulle A, Dabis F, Wools-Kaloustian, K. “Cohort profile: The International epidemiological Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) in sub-Saharan Africa”. Int Journal of Epidemiology 2011 May 18. [Epub ahead of print]
  56. Kigen G, Kimaiyo S, Nyandiko W, Faragher B, Sang E, Jakait B, Owen A, Back D, Gibbons S, Seden K, Khoo SH; USAID-Academic Model for Prevention Treatment of HIV/AIDS. “Prevalence of potential drug-drug interactions involving antiretroviral drugs in a large Kenyan cohort”. PLoS One. 2011 Feb 23;6(2):e16800.
  57. Geng EH, Hunt PW, Diero LO, Somi GR, Kimaiyo S, Okong P, Bwana MB, Cohen CR, Otieno JA, Wabwire D, Easterbrook PJ, Braitstein P, Musick BS, Martin JN, Yiannoutsos CT, Wools-Kaloustian KK. “Trends in HIV-infected Patients Accessing Antiretroviral Therapy in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania between 2002 and 2009”. J Int AIDS Soc. 2011 Sep 28;14:46.61.
  58. Yoder RB, Nyandiko WM, Vreeman RC, Ayaya SO, Gisore PO, Braitstein P, Wiehe SE. “Long-term impact of the Kenya post-election crisis on clinic attendance and medication adherence for HIV-infected children in western Kenya.J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2011 Oct 25. [Epub ahead of print].
  59. Wachira J, Ndege S, Kimaiyo S, Mamlin JJ, Braitstein P. “What is the Impact of Home-Based HIV Counseling and Testing (HBCT) on the Clinical Status of Newly Enrolled Adults in a Large HIV Care Program in western Kenya?”. Clin Infect Dis. 2012 Jan;54(2):275-81. Epub 2011 Dec 8.
  60. Zhou J, Jaquet A, Bissagnene E, Musick B, Wools-Kaloustian K, Maxwell N, Boulle A, Wehbe F, Masys D, Iriondo-Perez J, Hemingway-Foday J, Law M; Western Africa, Eastern Africa, Southern Africa, Caribbean and Central and South America, and Asia Pacific Regions of the International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS-IeDEA. Short-term risk of anaemia following initiation of combination antiretroviral treatment in HIV-infected patients in countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Asia-Pacific, and central and South America. J Int AIDS Soc. 2012 Jan 30;15:5.
  61. Braitstein P, Siika SA, Hogan J, Kosgei R, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Sidle JE, Sang E, Mamlin JJ, Kimaiyo S. “A novel care model to reduce early mortality and increase clinic retention among high risk HIV-infected patients initiating combination antiretroviral treatment” Journal of the International AIDS Society 2012 Feb 17;15(1):7
  62. Wachira J, Middlestadt SE, Vreeman R, Braitstein P. “Factors underlying taking a child to HIV care: implications for reducing loss to follow-up among HIV-infected and HIV-exposed children”. SAHARA Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS. 2012 Mar; 9(1).
  63. Bell A, Wools-Kaloustian K, Kimaiyo S, Liu H, Katschke A, Shen C, Simiyu G, Musick B, Sidle JE, Siika AM, Braitstein, P. “Short-term rationing of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART): Impact on morbidity, mortality, and loss to follow-up in a large HIV treatment program in western Kenya”. AIDS Research and Treatment. Epub 2012 May 29.
  64. Embleton L, Ayuku D, Vreeman R, Atwoli L, Braitstein P. “Knowledge, attitudes and substance use practices among street children in western Kenya” Substance Use and Misuse. 47:1234-1247. 2012
  65. Thompson R, Braitstein P, Ayaya S, Ayuku D, Nyandiko WM, Vreeman RC. “The Vulnerabilities of Orphaned Children Participating in Research: A Critical Review for Participation in Biomedical and Behavioral Research.” Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics (JERHRE). 7(4): 56-66. 2012.
  66. R. Vreeman, E. Kamaara, A. Kamanda, D. Ayuku, W. Nyandiko, L. Atwoli, S. Ayaya, P. Gisore, M. Scanlon, P. Braitstein. “Community Perspectives on Research Consent Involving Vulnerable Children in Western Kenya”. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics (JERHRE). 7(4): 44-55. 2012.
  67. Vreeman, R. E. Kamaara, A. Kamanda, D. Ayuku, W. Nyandiko, L. Atwoli, S. Ayaya, P. Gisore, M. Scanlon, P. Braitstein. “A Qualitative Study Using Traditional Community Assemblies to Investigate Community Perspectives on Informed Consent and Research Participation in Western Kenya”. BMC Medical Ethics. 13(23). Epub 25 Sept 2012.
  68. Ayuo P, Musick B, Liu H, Braitstein P, Nyandiko W, Otieno-Nyunya B, Gardner A, Wools-Kaloustian K. Frequency and Factors Associated with Adherence to and Completion of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy (CART) for Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) in Western Kenya. Journal of the International AIDS Society 2013 Jan 2;16(1):17994. doi: 10.7448/IAS.16.1.17994.
  69. Morantz, D. Cole, S. Ayaya, D. Ayuku, P. Braitstein. “Maltreatment experiences and associated factors prior to admission to residential care: A sample of institutionalized children and youth in western Kenya”. Child Abuse and Neglect 2013 Jan 3. doi:pii: S0145-2134(12)00252
  70. Embleton L, Atwoli L, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “The Journey of Addiction: barriers to and facilitators of drug use cessation among street children and youths in western Kenya”. PlosOne 8(1): e54435. Doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054435. 2013.
  71. Morantz, D. Cole, R. Vreeman, S. Ayaya, D. Ayuku, P. Braitstein. “Child abuse and neglect among orphaned children and youth living in extended families in sub-Saharan Africa: What have we learned from qualitative inquiry?”. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies: An International Interdisciplinary Journal for Research, Policy, and Care. 2013. DOI:10.1080/17450128.2013.764476.
  72. Kamanda, L. Embleton, D. Ayuku, L. Atwoli, P. Gisore, S. Ayaya, R. Vreeman, P. Braitstein. “Harnessing the power of the grassroots to adapt Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) approaches to Sub-Saharan Africa: A case study from western Kenya”. BMC Public Health. 2013 Jan 31;13:91. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-91.
  73. Wachira J, Middlestadt S, Reece M, Peng C-YJ, Braitstein P. “Psychometric Assessment of a Scale used to Measure Physician-Patient Communication Behaviors: The Perspective of Adult HIV Patients in Kenya”. AIDS Research and Treatment. 2013;2013:706191. doi: 10.1155/2013/706191. Epub 2013 Feb 11.
  74. Kamaara E, Atwoli L, Maithya H, Shitemi N, Nduru G, Braitstein P, Inui T, Ayuo P, Folk WR. “Holistic healing: use of traditional medicine and complementary alternative medicine in the context of HIV/AIDS in western Kenya”. International Journal of Professional Practice, Kenya Methodist University (page 342 – 355 of volume 3 issue 4.
  75. Nyandiko W, Vreeman R, Liu H, Shangani S, Sang E, Ayaya S, Braitstein P. “Non-adherence to Clinic Appointments among HIV-infected Children in an Ambulatory Care Program in Western KenyaJ Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Mar 5. [Epub ahead of print]
  76. Embleton L, Mwangi A, Vreeman R. Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “The epidemiology of substance use amongst street children in resource-constrained settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis”. Addiction. 2013 Jul 12. doi: 10.1111/add.12252. [Epub ahead of print]
  77. Wachira J, Ndege S, Koech J, Vreeman R, Osanya J, Braitstein P. “HIV testing uptake and prevalence among adolescents and adults in a large home-based HIV testing program in western Kenya”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2013 Jul 10. [Epub ahead of print]
  78. Braitstein P, Ayaya S, Nyandiko WM, Kamanda A, Koech J, Gisore, Atwoli L, Vreeman RC, Ayuku DO. “Nutritional status of orphaned and separated children and adolescents living in community and institutional environments in Uasin Gishu County, Kenya” PlosOne. PLoS One. 2013 Jul 26;8(7):e70054. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070054. Print 2013. PMID: 23922900
  79. Embleton L, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “Lost indeed but not in the translation” Response to Commentary in Addiction.2013 Oct;108(10):1735-6. doi: 10.1111/add.12301. No abstract available. PMID: 24033778
  80. Goodrich S, Ndege S, Kimaiyo S, Some H, Wachira J, Braitstein P, Sidle JE, Sitienei J, Owino R, Chesoli C, Gichunge C, Komen F, Ojwang C, Sang E, Siika A, Wools-Kaloustian K. “Delivery of HIV care during the 2007 post-election crisis in Kenya: a case study analyzing the response of the Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH) program”. Confl Health. 2013 Dec 1;7(1):25. doi: 10.1186/1752-1505-7-25. PMID: 24289095
  81. Priscah M, Kosgei RJ, Mabeya H, Sitienei J, Sum T, Chelegat D, Namaloba R, Braitstein P, Siika A. “Providing reproductive health module within HIV care and treatment center in Kenya”. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science 3(1): 19-22. Nov-Dec 2013.
  82. Atwoli L, Ayuku D, Hogan J, Koech J, Vreeman RC, Ayaya S,BraitsteinP. “Impact of Domestic Care Environment on Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Orphans in Western Kenya”. PLoS One. 2014 Mar 13;9(3):e89937. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0089937. eCollection 2014. PMID: 24625395
  83. Wachira J, Middlestadt S, Reece M, Peng CY,BraitsteinP. “Physician communication behaviors from the perspective of adult HIV patients in Kenya”. Int J Qual Health Care. 2014 Feb 10. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 24519123
  84. Sorber R, Winston S, Ayuku D, Koech J, Braitstein P. “Social and economic characteristics of street youth by gender and level of street involvement in Eldoret, Kenya: implications for effective and healthful interventions”. PLoS One. 2014 May 14;9(5):e97587. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097587. eCollection 2014. PMID: 24827584
  85. Embleton L, Kamanda A, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “Models of care for orphaned and separated children and upholding children’s rights: cross-sectional evidence from western Kenya”. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2014 Apr 1;14:9. doi: 10.1186/1472-698X-14-9. PMID:24685118
  86. Rodrigues-Coutlée C, Archambault J, Money D, Ramanakumar AV, Raboud J, Hankins C, Koushik A, Richardson H, Brassard P, Franco EL, Coutlée F; Canadian Women’s HIV Study Group. “Human papillomavirus type 56 polymorphism in Canadian women with and without cervical lesions.” J Clin Virol. 2013 Dec;58(4):660-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2013.10.015. Epub 2013 Oct 17. PMID: 24210329
  87. Nichols J, Embleton L, Mwangi A, Morantz G, Vreeman R, Ayaya S, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “Physical and sexual abuse in orphaned compared to non-orphaned children in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review & meta-analysis”. Child Abuse and Neglect. 2014 Feb;38(2):304-16. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2013.09.012. Epub 2013 Nov 5. PMID: 24210283
  88. Nyandiko WM., Vreeman RC, Mwangi A, Ayaya S, Musick B, Braitstein P, Abuya JM, Koech J, Hogan J, Cook EF.Outcomes of HIV and tuberculosis co-infected children below 3 years of age on anti-tuberculosis treatment in western Kenya.”. International Journal of Advanced Research. 2014. 2(8): 249-262.
  89. Ayuku D, Atwoli L, Ayaya S, Vreeman R, Koech J, Kamanda A, Braitstein P. “Effectiveness of the government cash transfer program in supporting households with orphaned and vulnerable children in Kenya: cross-sectional evidence from western Kenya”. BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2014 Sep 20;14:25. doi: 10.1186/1472-698X-14-25. PMID:25239449
  90. Duda SN, Farr AM, Lindegren ML, Blevins M, Wester CW, Wools-Kaloustian K, Ekouevi DK, Egger M, Hemingway-Foday J, Cooper DA, Moore RD, McGowan CC, Nash D; International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Collaboration. “Characteristics and comprehensiveness of adult HIV care and treatment programmes in Asia-Pacific, sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas: results of a site assessment conducted by the International epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) Collaboration.J Int AIDS Soc. 2014 Dec 15;17:19045. doi: 10.7448/IAS.17.1.19045. eCollection 2014. PMID: 25516092
  91. Ballif M, Nhandu V, Wood R, Dusingize JC, Carter EJ, Cortes CP, McGowan CC, Diero L, Graber C, Renner L, Hawerlander D, Kiertiburanakul S, Du QT, Sterling TR, Egger M, Fenner L; International epidemiological Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA). “Detection and management of drug-resistant tuberculosis in HIV-infected patients in lower-income countries.Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2014 Nov;18(11):1327-36. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.14.0106. PMID: 25299866
  92. Wachira J, Naanyu V, Genberg B, Koech B, Akinyi J, Kamene R, Ndege S, Siika AM, Kimayo S, BraitsteinP. “Health facility barriers to HIV linkage and retention in Western Kenya.”. BMC Health Serv Res. 2014 Dec 19;14(1):646. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 25523349
  93. Genberg B, Naanyu V, Wachira J, Hogan J, Sang E, Nyambura M, Odawa M, Duefield C, Ndege S, Braitstein P. “Linkage to and engagement in HIV care in western Kenya: an observational study using population-based estimates from home-based HIV counseling and testing”. Lancet HIV. 2015 Jan 1;2(1):e20-e26. PMID:25621303
  94. Kwobah CM,BraitsteinP, Koech JK, Simiyu G, Mwangi AW, Wools-Kaloustian K, Siika AM. “Factors Associated with Late Engagement to HIV Care in Western Kenya: A Cross-Sectional Study.J Int Assoc Provid AIDS Care. 2015 Jan 14. pii: 2325957414567682. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 25589304
  95. Winston S, Chirchir A, Muthoni L, Ayuku D, Koech J, Nyandiko WM, Carter EJ, Braitstein, P. “Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections including HIV in street-connected adolescents in western Kenya”. Sex Transm Infect. 2015 Feb 24. pii: sextrans-2014-051797. doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2014-051797. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25714102
  96. Geng EH, Odeny TA, Lyamuya RE, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Braitstein P, Somi GR, Kambugu A, Bukusi E, Wenger M, Glidden DV, Yiannoutsos C, Martin J. “Estimation of Mortality among HIV-infected people on antiretroviral therapy treatment in east Africa: a sampling based approach in an observational, multisite, cohort study.”. Lancet HIV. 2015 Mar 1;2(3):e107-e116. PMID: 26120593
  97. Rachlis B, Ochieng D, Geng E, Rotich E, Ochieng V, Maritim B, Ndege S, Naanyu V, Martin J, Keter A, Ayuo P, Diero L, Nyambura M, BraitsteinP. “Evaluating outcomes of patients lost to follow-up in a large comprehensive care treatment program in western Kenya.”. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2015 Apr 1;68(4):e46-55. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000492.. PMID: 25692336
  98. Wachira J, Kamanda A, Embleton L, Naanyu V, Winston S, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “Initiation to street life: a qualitative examination of the physical, social, and psychological practices in becoming an accepted member of the street youth community in Western Kenya”. BMC Public Health. 2015 Jun 20;15;569. doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1942-8. PMID: 26087662
  99. Embleton L, Wachira J, Kamanda A, Naanyu V, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. Eating sweets without the wrapper: perceptions of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among street youth in western Kenya. in press Culture, Health and Sexuality 2015
  100. Braitstein P. “Institutional Care of Children in Low- and Middle-Income Settings: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom of Oliver Twist”. in press Global Health Science and Practice 2015
  101. Embleton L, Wachira J, Kamanda A, Naanyu V, Winston S, Ayuku D, Braitstein, P. “Once you join the streets you will have to do it”: sexual practices of street children and youth in western Kenya. BMC Reproductive Health. 2015 Nov 17;12(1):106. doi: 10.1186/s12978-015-0090-z. PMID: 26573581
  102. Embleton L, Ott MA, Wachira J, Naanyu V, Kamanda A, Makori D, Ayuku D,BraitsteinP.Adapting ethical guidelines for adolescent health research to street-connected children and youth in low- and middle-income countries: a case study from western Kenya.BMC Med Ethics. 2015 Dec 18;16(1):89. doi: 10.1186/s12910-015-0084-y. PMID: 26687378
  103. Ballif M, Renner L, Claude Dusingize J, Leroy V, Ayaya S, Wools-Kaloustian K, Cortes CP, McGowan CC, Graber C, Mandalakas AM, Mofenson LM, Egger M, Kumara Wati KD, Nallusamy R, Reubenson G, Davies MA, Fenner L; International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA); International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS IeDEA. “Tuberculosis in Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapy Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Diagnosis and Screening Practices.J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Mar;4(1):30-8. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piu020. Epub 2014 Mar 28. PMID: 26407355
  104. Ballif M, Renner L, Claude Dusingize J, Leroy V, Ayaya S, Wools-Kaloustian K, Cortes CP, McGowan CC, Graber C, Mandalakas AM, Mofenson LM, Egger M, Kumara Wati KD, Nallusamy R, Reubenson G, Davies MA, Fenner L; International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA); International Epidemiologic Databases to Evaluate AIDS IeDEA. “Tuberculosis in Pediatric Antiretroviral Therapy Programs in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Diagnosis and Screening Practices.J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc. 2015 Mar;4(1):30-8. doi: 10.1093/jpids/piu020. Epub 2014 Mar 28. PMID: 26407355
  105.  Geng EH, Odeny TA, Lyamuya R, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M,BraitsteinP, Somi G, Kambugu A, Bukusi E, Wenger M, Neilands TB, Glidden DV, Wools-Kaloustian K, Yiannoutsos C, Martin J. Retention in Care and Patient-Reported Reasons for Undocumented Transfer or Stopping Care among HIV-infected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in Eastern Africa: Application of a Sampling-Based Approach. Clin Infect Dis. 2015 Dec 17. pii: civ1004. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26679625
  106. Camlin C, Neilands TB, Odeny TA, Lyamuya R, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Braitstein P, Somi G, Kambugu A, Bukusi EA, Wenger M, Glidden DV, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Yiannoutsos C, Martin J, Geng EH. “Patient-Reported Factors Associated with Re-engagement among HIV-infected Patients Disengaged from Care in East Africa” AIDS. 2016 Jan 28;30(3):495-502. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000931. PMID: 26765940
  107. Ndege S, Washington S, Keter A, Kaaria A, Wachira J, Were E, Braitstein P. “HIV prevalence and antenatal care among pregnant women in a home-based HIV testing program”. PLoS One. 2016 Jan 19;11(1):e0144618. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0144618. eCollection 2016. PMID: 26784957
  108. Genberg BL, Shangani S, Sabatino K, Rachlis B, Wachira J, Braitstein P, Operario D. “Improving Engagement in the HIV Care Cascade: A Systematic Review of Interventions Involving People Living with HIV/AIDS as Peers.AIDS Behav. 2016 Feb 2. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 26837630
  109. Rachlis B, Naanyu V, Wachira J, Genberg B, Koech B, Kamene R, Akinyi J, Braitstein P. “Community perceptions of Community Health Workers (CHWs) and their roles in management for HIV, Tuberculosis and Hypertension in western Kenya.” PLoS One. 2016 Feb 22;11(2):e0149412. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149412. eCollection 2016. PMID: 26901854. ***Featured in UNAIDS Science Now http://sciencenow.unaids.org/posts
  110. Wachira J, Kamanda A, Embleton L, Naanyu V, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. ‘Pregnancy Has Its Advantages’: The Voices of Street Connected Children and Youth in Eldoret, Kenya. PLoS One. 2016 Mar 4;11(3):e0150814. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0150814. eCollection 2016. PMID: 26942724
  111. Embleton L, Lee H, Gunn J, Ayuku D, Braitstein P. “Causes of Child and Youth Homelessness in Developed and Developing Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.JAMA Pediatr. 2016 Apr 4. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.0156. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27043891
  112. Genberg B, Hogan, Braitstein P. “Home testing and linkage to care”. Lancet HIV. 2016 Jun;3(6):e244-6. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)30032-7. Epub 2016 May 11. PMID: 27240786
  113. Szkwarko D, Mercer T, Kimani S, Braitstein P, Buziba N, Carter EJ. “Implementing tuberculosis (TB) intensified case-finding among street-connected youth and young adults in Eldoret, Kenya”. Public Health Action. 2016 Jun 21;6(2):142-6. doi: 10.5588/pha.16.0021. PMID: 27358809
  114. Rachlis B, Karwa R, Chema C, Olsson S, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Jakait B, Maina M, Pastakia S, Braitstein P. “Targeted Spontaneous Reporting: Scoping opportunities to routinely conduct pharmacovigilance for antiretroviral treatment internationally” Drug Safety. 2016 Jun 9. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27282427
  115. Embleton L, Braitstein P. Response to Letter to Editor. JAMA Pediatrics, 2016 Jul 25. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2016.1390. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27454664
  116. Rachlis B, Bakoyannis G, Easterbrook P, Genberg B, Braithwaite RS, Cohen CR, Bukusi EA, Kambugu A, Bwana MB, Somi GR, Geng EH, Musick B, Yiannoutsos CT, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Braitstein P. “Facility-level factors influencing retention of patients in HIV care in East Africa.” Plos One. 2016 Aug 10;11(8):e0159994. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0159994. eCollection 2016. PMID: 27509182
  117. Rachlis B, Naanyu V, Wachira J, Genberg B, Koech B, Kamene R, Akinyi J, Braitstein P. “Barriers and facilitators to linkage and retention in chronic disease care in western Kenya.” BMC Public Health. 2016 Aug 8;16:741. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3462-6. PMID: 27503191
  118. Olney J, Braitstein P, Eaton J, Sang E, Nyambura M, Kimaiyo S, Hogan J, Hallett T. “Evaluating strategies to improve HIV care outcomes in Kenya”. Lancet HIV. 2016 Dec;3(12):e592-e600. doi: 10.1016/S2352-3018(16)30120-5. PMID: 27771231
  119. Embleton L, Nyandat J, Ayuku D, Sang E, Kamanda A, Ayaya S, Nyandiko W, Gisore P, Vreeman RC, Atwoli L, Galarraga O, Braitstein P. “Sexual behaviour among orphaned and separated adolescents in western Kenya: a comparison of institutional- and family-based care settings” Journal of Adolescent Health. 2017 Apr;60(4):417-424. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.015. Epub 2017 Jan 16. PMID: 28110864
  120. Bershetyn A, Odeny TA, Lyamuya R, Nakiwogga-Muwanga A, Diero L, Bwana M, Braitstein P, Somi G, Kambugu A, Bukusi E, Hartogensis W, Glidden DV, Wools-Kaloustian K, Yiannoutsos C, Martin J, Geng EH. The causal effect of tracing by peer health workers on return to clinic among patients who were lost to follow-up from antiretroviral therapy in eastern Africa: a randomized “natural experiment” arising from surveillance of lost patients. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Mar 17. doi: 10.1093/cid/cix191. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28329184
  121. Shangani S, Operario D, Genberg B, Kirwa K, Midoun M, Hu L, Hogan J, Atwoli L, Ayuku D, Galarraga O, Braitstein P. “Unconditional government cash transfers in support of orphaned and vulnerable adolescents in western Kenya: Is there an association with psychological wellbeing?PLoS One. 2017 May 31;12(5):e0178076. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0178076. eCollection 2017. PMID: 28562627
  122. Ruzagira E, Baisley K, Kamali A, Biraro S, Grosskurth H; Working Group on Linkage to HIV Care. “Linkage to HIV care after home-based HIV counselling and testing in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review.Trop Med Int Health. 2017 Jul;22(7):807-821. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12888. Epub 2017 May 22. Review. PMID: 28449385
  123. Rebeiro PF, Bakoyannis G, Musick BS, Braithwaite RS, Wools-Kaloustian KK, Nyandiko W, Some F, Braitstein P, Yiannoutsos CT. “An Observational Study of the Effect of Patient Outreach on Return to Care: The Earlier the Better.” J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2017 Jun 9. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001474. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28604501
  124. Lee H, Hogan JW, Genberg BL, Mwangi A, Braitstein P. “A State-Space Framework for patient-level modeling of engagement and retention in HIV care using longitudinal cohort data”. Stats Med accepted